An American Place: The Barney A. Ebsworth Collection
On occasion, Christie's has a direct financial interest in the outcome of the sale of certain lots consigned for sale. This will usually be where it has guaranteed to the Seller that whatever the outcome of the auction, the Seller will receive a minimum sale price for the work. This is known as a minimum price guarantee. This is such a lot.
On occasion, Christie's has a direct financial interest in the outcome of the sale of certain lots consigned for sale. This will usually be where it has guaranteed to the Seller that whatever the outcome of the auction, the Seller will receive a minimum sale price for the work. This is known as a minimum price guarantee. Where Christie's has provided a Minimum Price Guarantee it is at risk of making a loss, which can be significant, if the lot fails to sell. Christie's therefore sometimes chooses to share that risk with a third party. In such cases the third party agrees prior to the auction to place an irrevocable written bid on the lot. The third party is therefore committed to bidding on the lot and, even if there are no other bids, buying the lot at the level of the written bid unless there are any higher bids. In doing so, the third party takes on all or part of the risk of the lot not being sold. If the lot is not sold, the third party may incur a loss. The third party will be remunerated in exchange for accepting this risk based on a fixed fee if the third party is the successful bidder or on the final hammer price in the event that the third party is not the successful bidder. The third party may also bid for the lot above the written bid. Where it does so, and is the successful bidder, the fixed fee for taking on the guarantee risk may be netted against the final purchase price.
Third party guarantors are required by us to disclose to anyone they are advising their financial interest in any lots they are guaranteeing. However, for the avoidance of any doubt, if you are advised by or bidding through an agent on a lot identified as being subject to a third party guarantee you should always ask your agent to confirm whether or not he or she has a financial interest in relation to the lot.
An American Place: The Barney A. Ebsworth Collection
Woman as Landscape
'de Kooning' (lower left)
Willem de Kooning (1904-1997)
New York, Martha Jackson Gallery, Recent Oils by Willem De Kooning, November-December 1955, n.p., no. 2 (illustrated).
Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, II Mostra Mercato Nazionale d'Arte Contemporaena, 1964.
New York, Allan Stone Gallery, Founding Fathers: Willem de Kooning, Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, Joseph Cornell and Barnett Newman, October-November 1965.
New York, Museum of Modern Art; Art Institute of Chicago; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Willem de Kooning, September 1968-September 1969, pp. 102, 104 and 163, no. 66 (illustrated).
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia Collects: Art Since 1940, September-November 1986, p. 19 (illustrated in color).
Buffalo, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Abstract Expressionism: the Critical Developments, September-November 1987, pp. 198-199, no. 34 (illustrated in color).
Atlanta, High Museum, on loan, 1991.
Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art; New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art; London, Tate Gallery, Willem de Kooning: Paintings, May 1994-May 1995, pp. 130 and 145, pl. 33 (illustrated in color).
Mexico City, Centro Cultural/Arte Contempora´neo, Fundacion Cultural Televisa, Pintura Estadounidense: Expresionismo Abstracto, October 1996-February 1997, pp. 338-339 and 567, no. 12 (illustrated in color).
Washington, D.C., National Gallery of Art; Seattle Art Museum, Twentieth-Century American Art: The Ebsworth Collection, March-November 2000, pp. 81-83 and 281, no. 13 (illustrated in color).
Seattle, Pivot Art + Culture, The Figure in Progress: De Kooning to Kapoor, 1955-2015, December 2015- February 2016.
London, Royal Academy of Arts, Abstract Expressionism, September 2016-January 2017, p. 218, no. 81 (illustrated in color).
Honolulu Museum of Art, Abstract Expressionism: Looking East from the Far West, September 2017-January 2018.
T. B. Hess, Willem de Kooning, New York, 1959, p. 22, pl. 138 (illustrated).
E. Denby, "My Friend de Kooning," Artnews Annual, vol. 29, 1964, p. 96 (illustrated).
G. Drudi, Willem de Kooning, Milan, 1972, p. 35, pl. 93 (illustrated).
H. F. Gaugh, Willem de Kooning, New York, 1983, pp. 54-55, pl. 46 (illustrated).
D. Waldman, Willem de Kooning, New York, 1988, pp. 101 and 103, pl. 77 (illustrated).
Y. Fuji and Y. Kenichi, Willem de Kooning, Tokyo, 1993, pl. 28 (illustrated in color).
Willem de Kooning: Liquefying Cubism, exh. cat., New York, Allan Stone Gallery, 1994, p. VIII (illustrated).
Willem de Kooning: The Late Paintings, exh. cat., San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 1995, p. 21, no. 9 (illustrated).
D. Sylvester, “The Birth of ‘Woman I’,” The Burlington Magazine, vol. 137, no. 1105, April 1995, p. 230.
Abstract Expressionism, exh. cat., Nagoya, Aichi Prefectural Museum of Art, 1996, pp. 36-37, no. 5 (illustrated in color).
S. Yard, Willem de Kooning, New York, 1997, p. 64, no. 47 (illustrated in color).
The Impact of Chaim Soutine: De Kooning, Pollock, Dubuffet, Bacon, exh. cat., New York, Galerie Gmurzynska, 2001, p. 17 (illustrated in color).
Willem de Kooning, exh. cat., Institut Valencià d’Art Modern, 2001, p. 43 (illustrated in color).
C. Thierolf, Amerikanische Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts in der Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, 2002, p. 216, fig. 1 (illustrated).
F. S. Connelly, ed., Modern Art and the Grotesque, Cambridge, 2003, p. 249, fig. 81 (illustrated).
D. Ngo, ed., Art + Architecture: The Ebsworth Collection + Residence, San Francisco, 2006, n.p. (illustrated in color and installation views illustrated).
M. Webb, "Consumate Grace: Architecture, art and nature meet seamlessly in the Seattle house Jim Olson has designed for collector Barney Ebsworth," Town and Country, May 2006, p. 170 (installation view illustrated in color).
S. Yard, Willem de Kooning: Works, writings and interviews, New York, 2007, p. 68 (illustrated in color).
C. Lanchner, Willem de Kooning, New York, 2011, p. 27, no. 12 (illustrated in color).
de Kooning: A Retrospective, exh. cat., New York, Museum of Modern Art, 2011, p. 281, fig. 1 (illustrated in color).
J. Zilczer, A Way of Living: The Art of Willem de Kooning, London and New York, 2014, p. 125, no. 149 (illustrated in color).
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, 1955
Michel Tapié, Paris, 1957
Alberto Ulrich, Italy
Pace Gallery, New York
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Kardon, Philadelphia, 1974
Steve Martin, Beverly Hills and New York, circa 1991
Acquired from the above by the late owner, 1997